Turkia Expedition




WE HAVE NOW MADE NO LESS THAN 18 VISITS TO THE WRECK-ALL ABSOLUTELY STUNNING- From Nudibranchs to giant seahorses, holds full of barracudas and an intact wreck to explore in only24 mtrs,its no wonder that others are now claiming they have discovered this world class wreck-7 years too late.(so whats new?)

The Red Sea Wreck Academy as always was there first.Fact not Fiction

“Stunning” “superb” “mindblowing” “fascinating”-and a night dive to die for !



deeplens@aol.com      07518161970


The rumours of “a wreck north of the Thistlegorm” could well apply to this wreck. A very similar vessel sunk by explosion and indeed carrying war materials, the SS TURKIA has the potential of being the new Thistlegorm and could indeed bring prosperity to a very run down area of Egypt’s coast line. The area has its own calm settled climate and this wreck is diveable all year round. The added bonus is the amount of marine life it attracts and its discovery must eventually open up this area to some great new discoveries . Currently well out of the range of most safari boats based in Hurghada or Sharm, she is without doubt one of the very best wrecks found in sport diving depths –so far in Egyptian waters


Built in Hull in 1909 as the LIVORNO(11)*,she was a schooner rigged steam  cargo ship of 1671 tonnes gross, 300ft long and a 42 ft beam, clinker built by Earles Shipbuilding and Engineering Co.(yard no. 562) She was fitted with a  reciprocating, triple expansion, direct acting vertical steam engine producing an IHP of 1000, making 9.5 knots, made by Amos Smith, also of hull. She has 4 bulkheads and a cruiser stern, single shaft and propeller.

She was built for Thomas Wilson Sons & Co, again of Hull.


The Turkia’s final voyage began in New York in May 1941, where she loaded with a full cargo of “government stores”-she was bound for Pireus. The cargo included explosives, tyres, coils of wire, ingots, vehicles and firearms


Two conflicting reports

“Bombed off Zafarana Light 2 miles SE May 14th 1941” – “Destroyed by fire and explosion near Zafarana Light Gulf of Suez, after being abandoned by her crew when on passage from New York to Piraeus with general cargo and explosives.”

“17/5/1941 she had a fire in no. 3 hold where explosives were stored (she was carrying explosives and general cargo) and the fire was beyond control so the vessel was abandoned. 10 minutes later there was a large explosion and the vessel sank in 12 fathoms. Nothing was being done (later that is) as no competent salvage service was available at Port Said.”-Anne Crowe Lloyds

This would explain why she is not in Lloyds War Losses as it sounds like an accident rather than enemy action. Indeed the hull would appear to be intact ( from initial dive)and she looks as if she has settled slowly and upright.

Due to the Straits of Gibralta being closed off by axis forces her journey entailed entering the Red Sea at its southern end. She entered the Gulf of Suez and was proceeding north when, just off the lighthouse At Zafarana , fire broke out in number 3 hold and due to the nature of her cargo she was abandoned.10 minutes later she was rocked by an explosion and settled upright in 12 fathoms. Due to the lack of facilities at Suez no salvage was attempted. Due to the nature of her sinking she does not appear as a casualty of war, merely a wartime loss.


Browsing through the wartime records I came across two separate entries for the sinking. One stated she had been attacked and bombed by enemy aircraft the other stated that she had sunk due to an internal explosion. Both agreed about her postion –near Zafarana Lighthouse in the Gulf of Suez,a long way north of RAS GARIB, our most northerly exploration of the Gulf of Suez so far.

A fisherman claimed to know her position. I decided to enlist the help of my good friend Basim ……… and put together a road trip. At Zafarana the only means of putting to sea available was a disused glass bottom boat, lying on the beach at the Zafarana Hotel. A  10 minute journey took us to the target area, and with the shallow seabed of sand (24 mtrs,) the shadow of the wreck was soon located, rising up to within 10 mtrs of the surface.


The wreck sits upright on sand in 24 mtrs, with the bow facing towards the shore. The hull is intact, although some sections have holes appearing in the upper sections. Both masts have been cut below the water line and lie off to the side of the wreck. The surrounding seabed is littered with debris from the wreck and is patrolled by Jacks and Travellies.

Sitting proud and straight the bow appears out of a cloud of circling fish;The focsle hatch allows easy access  into the crews accommodation; The frames of the crews bunks can still be seen.

The bow sits proud bathed in sunlight and is straight raked-same vintage as  the Rosalie Moller. Clouds of fairley  basslets swarm over the fo’c’lse head with its access hatches, hawse pipes, panama eye, triple cleats  and windlass. Three deck houses sit at the aft section of the fo’c’sle, and there are coils of wire and vehicle tyres littered around. Mussels encrust most of the raised structures.

Entry into the fo’c’sle head can also be accessed from the main deck and leads to the seamans quarters-where bed frames can still be found

Holds 1 and 2 have two ‘tween decks with large numbers of tyres on the upper shelves. The deeper section of the holds contain wooden crates some containing hundreds of brass detonator caps. There are also hundreds of  heavy rubber bases, their purpose a s yet not defined. Winches flank the holds, and in the second hold there are several vehicles, heavily encrusted , but appear to be cabs with extended chassis, possibly tank transporters or ambulances.

suez cover turkia4 turkia1 turkia3 turkia10

Internet Marketing by 2buy1click Ltd